## D & T Activity Updated for 2016

New for 2016 – to see the older version with additional lesson details, please visit my post from last year.

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Before starting the activity, I set the stage that they are a group of archeologists and have discovered an ancient tablet at an archeological dig site. Unfortunately, the tablet is broken and as they excavate, they only find a few pieces at a time. What does the ancient table say? Scientists all over the world try to decipher the ancient text…

Materials:

• Original Worksheet: (pdf)
• Worksheet to compare posters (Google Doc)
• Words to cut apart (pdf) – this year I removed the word “bone” to change it up a little
• construction paper
• white paper cut into 1/4ths or small index cards
• glue sticks
• colored pencils

This year, I wanted to try something different for this lesson. Instead of seeing how close each group came to the original phrase that was on the “tablet”, I wanted each group to analyze the findings from the other groups to compare their findings and look for similarities and differences. This would be similar to a gallery walk (see video below) but without students explaining their posters, they would view posters at their own pace and choose any 3 posters to compare for each category.

Note – this lesson plan is a modification of the original lesson plan from The University of California Museum of Paleontology (link)

## Updated: Dunkin’ for Density using Google Sheets

Updated for 2016

I updated my Dunkin’ for Density Lesson for 2016, I use this lesson with my 6th graders as part of our unit on properties of matter. I wanted it to be more data driven and have them analyze the data from all of their trials, and then compare their data to their classmates. I changed the objective to:

Change the density of the film canister so that 90-99% of the canister is suspending under water.

Materials:

## Heights Lab – How tall is the average 7th grader?

This introductory lab is a fun way to analyze data and the students look forward to finding the results each year. Who will be taller, boys or girls? Will we be taller than last year’s class? You can really analyze the data in multiple ways, you can also add the concept of min, max, mode, and range in addition the mean, you can look for trends, and you can talk about sample size, etc…

Materials

• Heights Lab Introduction and directions (Google Slides)
• Heights Lab Template (Google Doc)
• Construction paper taped to wall/column
• Metric Tape Measures attached to wall or column over paper
• Marker
• Ruler

## Scientific and Engineering Practices (SEP 1 to SEP8) Consolidated

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This post highlights the eight Scientific and Engineering Practices and spotlights a few lessons related to each practice. I had this as eight separate posts but decided to consolidate for easier viewing.

For more details and examples about the Science and Engineering Practices, visit NSTA.

Tag: SEP8 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP7 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP6 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP5 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP4 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP3 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP2 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

Tag: SEP1 – click for more lessons that cover this practice

## Atomic Model Timeline

Materials:

This is a great explanation as well – he has tons of Chemistry videos which are geared more towards High School and College Students.

## Rocks, Fossils, and the Law of Superposition Sequencing Activity

Objectives:

• Sequence information using items which overlap specific sets
• Relate sequencing to the Law of Superposition
• Show how fossils can be used to give relative dates to rock layers.

Materials:

• Fossils, Rocks, and the Law of Superposition Google Slides – this will walk you through the lesson step-by-step
• additional lesson plan details on their site
• print and cut apart the 8 cards for each part of the lesson
• to set up the cards, use large 4×6 index cards and store in ziptop bags.
• on one side of the index cards, glue on the nonsense letters
• on the reverse side, glue on the fossil layers
• laminate for durability
• Replace the letters for each fossil layer, see my ppt for new random letters
• spelling out the word “ORGANISM is way too easy for students to figure out and they will not really have a chance to work on the activity with the depth of thinking and problem solving that you want them to do
• be sure to stagger cards so that the order of the cards is not the same, otherwise they will flip over the cards and have the answer for part 2
• Notes HandoutLaw of Superposition Notes (pdf) students will take notes and record their answers on this handout.

Tips for this lesson:

This is a fantastic lesson and I have used it successfully with both 5th and 6th grade students. When introducing this lesson I use the analogy of a laundry hamper, or in most cases, the pile of dirty clothes on the floor in their bedroom. Today’s clothes would go on top of the pile, each day adding a layer of dirty clothes. The older clothes would be on the bottom of the pile, kind of like a timeline of what they wore this week. When that laundry is collected and moved to the laundry room, the layers would get disrupted. With rocks, the layers form on top of each other, and the older layers are on the bottom. We then brainstorm how those layers can be disrupted: earthquakes, tectonic plates moving, landslides, digging, etc…

For this activity, they have to figure out the pattern of how these layers are formed, and there are clues in each layer, they just need to know what to look for. For the nonsense letters, there is a pattern that connects all the layers together. Many will think it is alphabetical, but I tell them that it is not. Once they have worked on it a few minutes, I have them share their theories. Once each group has shared their theory, I give them the clue. And suddenly, the pattern is clear now that they know what to look for. Using the same strategy, they will then sequence the fossils on the reverse side of the index cards.

## Chocolate Chip Cookie Mining Simulation

Materials:

This is one of my favorite activities from our minerals and mining unit. It takes about 1 whole class period to explain the activity, collect data, eat the cookie (& crumbs), and clean up. We discuss our results the next class and determine who made the most profit.

When determining the value of the chocolate ore, I have the students place their chocolate pieces close together in one area of the map. When they are done, I go around and circle the area of chocolate and give their chocolate a rating. They count the number of boxes their chocolate covers and enter it into their spreadsheet.

If there are crumbs attached to the chocolate, I call that ‘slag’ and it lowers the value of the chocolate ore. This leads to a great discussion afterwards when we compare the profits and talk about land use. Is it better to get out as much chocolate as you can, even if you get a lot of slag, or is it better to remove just the chocolate even though you will have less in the end? How is this similar to coal mining? Diamond mining?

## Element, Compound, or Mixture? Identify & Sort

Materials:

Different ways to use this activity:

1. Vocabulary reinforcement
2. Students can review the slides independently as added practice and self check.
3. This can be a guided mini-lesson for a whole class to reinforce the concept.
4. Students can work in pairs to sort the cards into the 3 different groups, then discuss the answers as a class. Challenge – categorize the mixtures.
5. Give each student one of the larger cards and have them do the activity “Quiz, Quiz, Trade

For more lessons related to this activity, please click on the tags below.

## Real Time Earthquake Data Mapping Activity

Essential Questions:

• Where do earthquakes occur?
• How are earthquakes recorded and measured?
• What is the relationship between earthquake location and magnitude?
• How do earthquakes impact humans and the environment?

Materials:

• Internet Access & USGS Earthquake Data
• this link is set to the following settings: 30 days, 2.5+ magnitude, terrain, and no plate boundaries
• Google Sheets Template – one per table top map
• Earthquake Data Mapping Activity (Public Template)
• to edit this spreadsheet, make a copy for each map, then share editing rights with each group of students who will be working on that map
• ex: Map A data is shared with 4 students from period 1, 4 students from period 2, 4 students from period 3, 4 students from period 4, and 4 students from period 5. When done, they will have 200 EQs plotted and color coded on the table top map.
• Colored pencils or markers per map
• 1 Table sized map per lab group (3-6 students) – printed and assembled
• The map will remain on the table, as the next class comes in, they will add the data for their assigned region(s) to the same map as the class before them

Procedures:

1. Assemble one table map and materials per lab group.
2. Show students how to use and navigate the USGS website, find EQ data, and how to record their data on the Google Spreadsheets.
3. Assign each group a map and 1-2 regions of the world. They will collect 25 data points for each region. They can choose any EQs over a magnitude of 3.0 for their region(s).
4. Once they have all of their data, they will plot the EQs onto the table map. The magnitude of the EQ is the color they will plot onto the map.
1. ex. Magnitude of 7.5 will be a purple dot
5. Students will analyze their data and look for patterns
1. What regions of the world have EQs?
2. What regions of the world had more EQs? Less?
3. What regions of the world had lower magnitude EQs? Higher?
4. Why are EQs located where they are?
5. etc…
6. After this activity, I introduced Plate Tectonics and we discussed the relationship between EQs and tectonic plates.

## NGSS: Scientific & Engineering Practices (SEP)

If you are looking for lesson plans that cover the following NGSS Standards, you can do a search using either tags or the search box. I have tagged all of my blog entries with the corresponding SEP.

SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING PRACTICES (SEP) (Details from NSTA)

• SEP1 – Asking Questions and Defining Problems
• SEP2 – Developing and Using Models
• SEP3 – Planning and Carrying out Investigations
• SEP4 – Analyzing and Interpreting Data
• SEP5 – Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
• SEP6 – Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
• SEP7 – Engaging in Argument from Evidence
• SEP8 – Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information